By E. Ostenfeld
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Extra info for Ancient Greek Psychology and Modern Mind-Body Debate
When we speak of metaphysical logic, we do so, on the one hand, in order not to encourage the idea that metaphysics and logic are distinct, that the form of thought is something other than the form of being, and that Frege and Aristotle have different topics, the one, thought, the other, being. r'l TRANSCENDENTAL LOGIC AND TIME is the science of the mind and the True. This does not change even with Carnap, who deployed logic against metaphysics. He could do so only (and as long as) it did not occur to him to doubt that logic, in describing a certain deductive order, represented the general form of thought.
Fregean Predication and Transcendental Logic Frege asserts that the deductive order represented by his Begrijfsschrift is the order of thought in general. He also expresses this thesis in theJollowing way: the Begrijfsschrift is not only a calculus ratiocinator, but also a lingua characterica. 10 On the one hand, it is a calculus ratio~ina tor: a notation by means of which we can check deductive relations schematically, attending only to the signs. On the other hand, it is a lingua characterica: a universal notation that can convey any thought.
What else could it investigate? Kant writes: General logic [ ... ] abstracts from all content of knowledge, that is, from all relation of knowledge to the object, and considers only the logical form in the relation of any knowledge to other knowledge; that is, it treats of the form of thought in general. But since [ ... ] there are pure as well as empirical intuitions, a distinction might likewise be drawn between pure and empirical thought of objects. In that case there would be a logic in which we do not abstract from all content of knowledge.