By Jean-Michel Savoie, Marie Foulongne-Oriol, Gérard Barroso, Philippe Callac (auth.), Frank Kempken (eds.)
This quantity covers the excessive relevance of fungi for agriculture. it's a thoroughly up to date and revised moment version with fourteen first-class chapters by way of major scientists of their fields and provides a complete overview of the newest achievements and advancements.
Topics contain: nutrients and fodder; fungal secondary metabolites and detoxing; biology, ailment keep an eye on and administration; symbiontic fungi and mycorrhiza; and phytopathogenicity.
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The geographic origins of the species and their dominant climatic conditions could be another interesting way to find specific adaptations to climate. A recent study attempting to compare temperate and tropical Agaricus species (Zhao et al. 2011) showed that classifying the species into climatic groups is not so easy. Among the cultivated species, the geographical range of some temperate species such as A. bisporus and A. bitorquis extends into tropical areas and, reciprocally, the tropical species A.
1996) detected somatic recombinants in subcultures from both heterokaryon x heterokaryon and heterokaryon x homokaryon pairings. In A. bisporus, some processes observed in certain other agaricales (see Kues 2000) do not occur or have not been detected: for example there is no clear evidence of nuclear migration through the homokaryotic mycelium, following the Buller phenomenon. On the other hand, diploid nuclei have never been detected, except in basidia, although they could be expected to be detected through a mechanism of somatic recombination.
In contrast, one can decompose different traits that might be responsible for the final decreases of symptoms in a resistant cultivar. A part of the resistance to T. aggressivum in A. bisporus was indirectly assessed by the ability to counteract the growth-limiting effect of lytic enzymes and metabolites produced by Trichoderma sp. (Foulongne-Oriol et al. 2011a). The level of tolerance and the capacity of adaptation to these compounds were quantitatively inherited and under oligogenic control, with two QTL detected per trait.