By Mir Bahmanyar

Following the Soviet invasion in 1979, the Mujahideen defenders of Afghanistan constructed and bolstered many average cave structures to exploit as offer bases and protective positions. The Taliban and Al Qaeda additional constructed those positions in the course of the Nineteen Nineties. Following the occasions of September eleven, 2001, those cave structures have once again come to prominence and websites comparable to Tora Bora ("Black Dust," a chain of person caves) and Zhawar Kili (a huge advanced in jap Afghanistan) have featured in information headlines world wide. This identify offers a close research and visible documentation of those caves and underground structures. It additionally discusses the Coalition's tactical method of dislodging the enemy from those fortified positions.

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Similar lies were told about their collection of cassia from fierce bats, and their wresting of frankincense from dragons. Ancient Egypt’s Mediterranean partners join in the Indian Ocean trade In a development significant for the long-term pattern of trade in the Indian Ocean, the Late Kingdom Egyptians still looked to Mediterranean trading partners to handle the trade to their west. Egypt’s resulting dependence on Mediterranean trading partners for naval protection and for the carrying trade west would cause the European involvement in that trade to become ever more intense through the centuries.

An eastern branch of the Celtic-linked peoples, the Aryans were distant relatives of the Irish, whose country Erin/Eire bears a name etymologically related to Iran. Evidence of these early Celts has been identified as far eastward as Sinkiang in westernmost China. The Aryans conquered the more advanced inhabitants and plundered their wealth without being sophisticated enough to continue its trading source. The first major trading pattern to have emerged in world history (that of early 20 1111 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1011 1 2 3111 4 5 6 7 8 9 20111 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 30111 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 40111 1 2 3 44111 The earliest leadership in Indian Ocean trade Mesopotamians into the Indian Ocean) was at an end, along with the world’s earliest leading states (the Sumerian city-states), which it had made possible.

The Phoenician use of an alphabet (Punic) greatly facilitated record keeping and thus commerce in general. Rameses III’s acknowledgement of the Phoenicians as his official sailors and merchants facilitated a Phoenician move into the carrying trade in the Indian Ocean. They consolidated their control of that trade by founding a Punic colony among their cousins, the southern Arabians, at Marib in the kingdom of Sheba or Saba (modern Yemen), to control the passage from the Red Sea into the Indian Ocean.

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