By Engineering, and Medicine National Academies of Sciences, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Polar Research Board, Committee on the Development of a Strategic Vision for the U.S. Antarctic Program

Antarctic and Southern Ocean clinical study has produced a wide range of vital and fascinating clinical advances. Spanning oceanography to tectonics, microbiology to astrophysics, the extraordinary Antarctic setting presents distinct possibilities to extend our wisdom approximately how our planet works or even the very origins of the universe. examine at the Southern Ocean and the Antarctic ice sheets is changing into more and more pressing not just for figuring out the way forward for the quarter but additionally its interconnections with and affects on many different components of the globe.

The U.S. nationwide technology origin (NSF) presents U.S. researchers with vast entry to the continent and its surrounding ocean. A Strategic imaginative and prescient for NSF Investments in Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research identifies priorities and strategic steps ahead for Antarctic learn and observations for the following decade. This survey offers a decadal imaginative and prescient for strategic investments in compelling study and the infrastructure most important for helping this examine. This record makes options for high-priority, larger-scale, community-driven study tasks that tackle questions poised for major increase with the following a long time. This record additionally outlines a roadmap wherein the imaginative and prescient and those priorities may be met.

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International collaboration will continue to be critical for making new advances, and sharing expenses across multiple national funding entities increases the probability of implementing large programs. Specific needs and opportunities for expanding international cooperation are discussed further in the following chapters. S. Antarctic Program. It ­includes three major components: • A broad-based program that supports curiosity-based research driven by proposals from Principal Investigators (PIs) across all major areas of Antarctic and Southern Ocean science—currently organized under six main PLR Antarctic science programs.

Together with precise gravity measurements from the GRACE satellite, this has been crucial for quantifying the current rate of ice loss from Antarctica. A frontier for exploration and discovery. Many of the places, processes, and eco­ systems in Antarctica remain as unknown as other planets. The surface of Mars is known better than the topography beneath the Antarctic ice sheet and its floating ice shelves. The ocean cavities beneath Antarctica’s peripheral ice shelves in particular are critical environments where warming ocean water and ice meet, and yet are almost completely unmapped and unmeasured.

S. S. Coast Guard, as well as the State Department and the Office of Science and Technology Policy. In addition, briefings were provided from representatives of select research institutions, from other relevant National Academies’ boards and studies, and from international organizations such as SCAR. See Appendix F for a full list of the meeting speakers. Given the broad nature of this study, all Committee members had to evaluate and compare research needs across a wide array of topics that reached well beyond each individual’s personal expertise.

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