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This divided the chamber into two parts. The primary ionization event would take place in the region between the grid and the cathode, and the electrons would drift through the grid and then always fall through the same potential difference to produce the pulse. This particular problem seems to be of little concern now, since essentially all particle detection applications use proportional counters. In fact, the drift time is often measured and exploited in multiwire drift chambers to determine the position of particle tracks between wires.

30. K. F. , A low noise highly integrated bolometer array for absolute measurement of VUV and soft X-radiation, Rev. Sci. , 62: 744–750, 1991. 10. J. , 32: 495–524, 1997. 31. L. C. , and the ITER Joint Central Teams and Home Teams, Overview of Fusion Product Diagnostics for ITER, in P. E. Stott, G. Gorini and E. ), Diagnostics for Experimental Thermonuclear Fusion Reactors, New York: Plenum Press, 1998, pp. 409–418. 11. K. M. Young, Advanced tokamak diagnostics, Fusion Eng. , 34–35: 3–10, 1997.

Boron trifluoride (BF3), which serves both as the chamber gas and as the reaction target, is commonly used for this purpose. The nuclear reaction that takes place is 10B(n, Ͱ)7Li. The alpha particle and 7Li ion produce the ionization in the gas. Boron trifluoride chambers can be used for broad-spectrum neutron dose monitors. In this case, the chamber is surrounded with plastic or another material rich in hydrogen to moderate the neutrons down to thermal energy where the 10 B(n, Ͱ) reaction will take place.

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